Last week, another shoe dropped. As reported by the Associated Press,
A medical devices company will admit criminality and pay the maximum $23 million fine for illegally testing bone cement on about 200 spinal patients, three of whom died in surgery, U.S. prosecutors said Monday.
Norian Corp. trained surgeons to conduct unapproved clinical tests of its bone cement from 2002 to 2004, subverting U.S. Food and Drug Administration safeguards, prosecutors said. The trials were stopped after the third patient death, they said.
The cement, which is used to fill in bone defects, is approved for use in the arm but not the load-bearing spine, authorities said. The surgeries often involved older patients with compression fractures, they said.
The results are:
Norian will plead guilty to conspiracy to impede FDA functions, a felony, and 110 misdemeanor counts of interstate shipping of misbranded Norian XR. Synthes will plead guilty to the same misdemeanor shipping count.
As part of the agreement, Norian will be sold to an outside buyer, the parent company said.
Imposing divestiture of the offending subsidiary was unusual, according to the Philadelphia Inquirer:
Forcing a divestiture of a business unit in a plea agreement was precedent-setting for the U.S. Attorney General's Office in the Philadelphia area, spokeswoman Patricia Hartman said Monday.
Officials with the Office of the Inspector General in DHHS said the divestiture should send a message to other health-care companies that Synthes' behavior had grave consequences.
'Criminal conduct can result in a company getting rid of part of their business,' Greg Demske, a top official with the Inspector General, said Monday. 'This is an egregious case, and it made us firm in our belief that we should draw a line here,' he said.
If it remained a subsidiary of Synthes, Norian would be excluded from participating in Medicare and other government-funded health care programs, which would be potentially devastating to its business. According to a divestiture agreement released Monday by the U.S. Attorney in Philadelphia, Synthes has to sell Norian by May 24.
The assets of Norian would not be allowed to be transferred to another part of the Synthes 'corporate family' as part of the divestiture, Demske said.
Synthes will update the government monthly on its plans to divest Norian, and if it fails to sell the company by the May deadline, it can be fined $10,000 a day.
So does this case signal a new toughness by US authorities in cases of bad behavior by health care corporations?
According to the Wall Street Journal, Synthes officials were not exactly quaking in their boots because of these penalties, as their spokesperson said Synthes "does not expect this settlement to have any significant financial impact." Synthes would only be liable for fines of "about $24.3 million in total." That pales in comparison to the "company['s] posted total sales of $3.4 billion last year." As for the divestiture of Norian, the WSJ reported, "a spokesman said Monday that the Norian unit is mostly active in product development and isn't actively selling products. That business has fewer than 100 employees,...."
In fact, company leadership did not seem to realize that they did anything wrong, despite the company and four executives pleading guilty to crimes, actions involving the death of three patients,
'Synthes remains committed to operating in accordance with the highest legal and ethical standards, and bringing closure to this matter will permit the company to focus on its mission to improve patient care,' the company said.Furthermore, while this is one of the few cases in which some company executives actually may have to pay penalties (after pleading guilty to at least misdemeanors), the big fish appeared to get away. As we discussed last year, an unindicted "person no. 7" was alleged to have set up the scheme to "test" the bone cement in a clinical series. Person No. 7 was at that time identified as the company CEO. That CEO, according to the Philadelphia Inquirer last year, was one Mr Hansjorg Wyss, noted to have a fortune estimated at $5.7 billion, making him the richest man in Philadelphia, and the 83rd richest man in the world, according to Forbes magazine. (See this post.) The settlement of this case would apparently have no impact on his immense wealth.
So although this case has some unusual wrinkles, and may yet yield some negative consequences for some of the people involved in the direction and implementation of the wrong-doing, it would appear to leave unscathed the person who has personally profited the most from the company, and its actions, including its less savory actions. There is progress here, but only a little.
Once again, it appears that in the eyes of the law, top corporate leaders are different from you and me. They appear immune from the penalties that lesser individuals may suffer. They have impunity to continue to amass wealth even wealth that results from actions that were deemed illegal. Real health care reform needs to make health care leaders accountable, and especially accountable for the bad behavior that helped make them rich.