I recently heard from a physician whom I knew well in an earlier stage of her training—I’ll call her Pauline. She completed her training at one of the top children’s hospitals in the US, and served in several capacities in academic medical centers before her most recent job with a physician-owned for-profit practice. She called me to express her frustrations and to ask if the right course for her was to quit doing clinical medicine.
Pauline had become skilled in her earlier jobs in providing primary care for children with severe chronic conditions. Her reputation was such that when she was settled in her current post, pediatric subspecialists started to refer their difficult cases to her for follow-up. This patient mix did not suit her current employer for two reasons. First, these children were hard to take care of and even though they could have their visits “up-coded” to reflect their complexity, the practice much preferred to see healthy children with colds and earaches that could be moved through quickly and who did not demand much staff time and attention. Second, most of these children with special needs were on state insurance, which did not pay as well (even after up-coding) as the private insurance the practice coveted.
Pauline found herself constantly struggling with her co-workers and superiors in order to deliver all of her patients—not just the special-needs kids—the quality of care she had been trained to demand. As far as the practice was concerned, it was Pauline, and the medically complex kids she was attracting into the practice, who were the problem.
One recent incident had especially concerned Pauline. She had set up a visit to see a new medically complex patient and had blocked off 40 minutes, the amount of time she felt she needed to do a good job. The child had a complex genetic disorder, cerebral palsy, and heart, lung, and kidney problems. Both the cardiologist and the nephrologist had called asking her to take this patient. She agreed. After she had scheduled the visit, a manager called her and told her that she was being allowed only 15 minutes to see that patient. After some fruitless discussion with him, Pauline finally said, “Okay, I guess that means that you’ll be seeing the patient instead of me, right?” The shocked voice at the other end of the phone line replied, “What do you mean? I don’t know how to take care of patients.” “That’s exactly my point,” Pauline put in.
Pauline explained that this manager assigned to her office is not even a college graduate. Physicians cannot access the schedule electronically and have no control over scheduling. These functions are controlled by the office manager and (amazingly) by some of the medical assistants who have received some “leadership” training. These medical assistants are even allowed to evaluate the clinical competency and skills of the physicians.
Now, at this stage, I can imagine a response from a management-trained person. Pauline is obviously one of those starry-eyed idealist physicians who believe that money grows on trees and that costs should never be a factor in caring for patients. Somebody who actually knows what it means to make a payroll and keep the lights on has to step in and rein in these physicians. There has to be somebody in the system someplace with a head for business, who can recognize the stark realities of what today’s practice demands from all parties. Physicians should get off their high horses and stop imagining that they can give orders to everyone else.
So let me add a further nugget about Pauline’s background. In one of her previous jobs, she was made the manager of a pediatric outpatient center within a county hospital caring for a largely indigent population. This center had been running in the red for a good while. Pauline took over and within 28 months she’d streamlined the place and had them running well in the black, while still administering a quality of care that Pauline and her colleagues could be proud of. In short, Pauline could probably tell the managers of her current practice a thing or two about how to optimize patient scheduling without compromising care or cost —if they’d listen.
Pauline probably has a nearly-unique skill set in her community and has put in a lot of years of training and experience to get there. Due to the present state of American medicine, and those who want to run it as if it were an industrial operation to make a profit, Pauline is thinking about leaving clinical practice altogether despite her relatively young age – and she has several colleagues, who trained in the same way that she did, who are considering this option.
Fortunately, Pauline has at least for now postponed any final decision about leaving clinical medicine entirely. Here’s what she last told me:
I am leaving the organization - I cannot remain in an organization where profit comes ahead of quality - and as a former medical director who had financial accountability/responsibilities, I know it does not HAVE to be a choice. I do not know what my next steps will be from here. For me, working with integrity, compassion and a desire for excellence is not negotiable.Physicians MUST become better advocates for our profession. For too long, we have been asleep at the wheel while insurance companies and corporations shaped the environment in which we practice. We cannot allow this to continue. We are professionals, not vocationally educated medical automatons who need every moment of work day micromanaged by 'leadership-trained' management extenders who have no idea what it means to take responsibility for patients.
Dr Howard Brody