Thursday, May 09, 2013

Guest Post: A Physician Rebels Against Micromanagement by "'Leadership-Trained' Management Extenders"

Health Care Renewal presents a guest post by Dr Howard Brody, John P McGovern Centennial Chair of Family Medicine, Director of the Institute for Medical Humanities at University of Texas - Medical Branch at Galveston, and blogger at Hooked: Ethics, Medicine and Pharma.

I recently heard from a physician whom I knew well in an earlier stage of her training—I’ll call her Pauline. She completed her training at one of the top children’s hospitals in the US, and served in several capacities in academic medical centers before her most recent job with a physician-owned for-profit practice. She called me to express her frustrations and to ask if the right course for her was to quit doing clinical medicine.

Pauline had become skilled in her earlier jobs in providing primary care for children with severe chronic conditions. Her reputation was such that when she was settled in her current post, pediatric subspecialists started to refer their difficult cases to her for follow-up. This patient mix did not suit her current employer for two reasons. First, these children were hard to take care of and even though they could have their visits “up-coded” to reflect their complexity, the practice much preferred to see healthy children with colds and earaches that could be moved through quickly and who did not demand much staff time and attention. Second, most of these children with special needs were on state insurance, which did not pay as well (even after up-coding) as the private insurance the practice coveted.

Pauline found herself constantly struggling with her co-workers and superiors in order to deliver all of her patients—not just the special-needs kids—the quality of care she had been trained to demand. As far as the practice was concerned, it was Pauline, and the medically complex kids she was attracting into the practice, who were the problem.

One recent incident had especially concerned Pauline. She had set up a visit to see a new medically complex patient and had blocked off 40 minutes, the amount of time she felt she needed to do a good job. The child had a complex genetic disorder, cerebral palsy, and heart, lung, and kidney problems.  Both the cardiologist and the nephrologist had called asking her to take this patient.  She agreed.  After she had scheduled the visit, a manager called her and told her that she was being allowed only 15 minutes to see that patient. After some fruitless discussion with him, Pauline finally said, “Okay, I guess that means that you’ll be seeing the patient instead of me, right?” The shocked voice at the other end of the phone line replied, “What do you mean? I don’t know how to take care of patients.” “That’s exactly my point,” Pauline put in.

Pauline explained that this manager assigned to her office is not even a college graduate. Physicians cannot access the schedule electronically and have no control over scheduling. These functions are controlled by the office manager and (amazingly) by some of the medical assistants who have received some “leadership” training. These medical assistants are even allowed to evaluate the clinical competency and skills of the physicians.

Now, at this stage, I can imagine a response from a management-trained person. Pauline is obviously one of those starry-eyed idealist physicians who believe that money grows on trees and that costs should never be a factor in caring for patients. Somebody who actually knows what it means to make a payroll and keep the lights on has to step in and rein in these physicians. There has to be somebody in the system someplace with a head for business, who can recognize the stark realities of what today’s practice demands from all parties. Physicians should get off their high horses and stop imagining that they can give orders to everyone else.

So let me add a further nugget about Pauline’s background. In one of her previous jobs, she was made the manager of a pediatric outpatient center within a county hospital caring for a largely indigent population. This center had been running in the red for a good while. Pauline took over and within 28 months she’d streamlined the place and had them running well in the black, while still administering a quality of care that Pauline and her colleagues could be proud of. In short, Pauline could probably tell the managers of her current practice a thing or two about how to optimize patient scheduling without compromising care or cost —if they’d listen.

Pauline probably has a nearly-unique skill set in her community and has put in a lot of years of training and experience to get there. Due to the present state of American medicine, and those who want to run it as if it were an industrial operation to make a profit, Pauline is thinking about leaving clinical practice altogether despite her relatively young age – and she has several colleagues, who trained in the same way that she did, who are considering this option.

Fortunately, Pauline has at least for now postponed any final decision about leaving clinical medicine entirely. Here’s what she last told me:

I am leaving the organization - I cannot remain in an organization where profit comes ahead of quality - and as a former medical director who had financial accountability/responsibilities, I know it does not HAVE to be a choice.  I do not know what my next steps will be from here.  For me, working with integrity, compassion and a desire for excellence is not negotiable.
Physicians MUST become better advocates for our profession.  For too long, we have been asleep at the wheel while insurance companies and corporations shaped the environment in which we practice.  We cannot allow this to continue.  We are professionals, not vocationally educated medical automatons  who need every moment of work day micromanaged by 'leadership-trained' management extenders who have no idea what it means to take responsibility for patients.  

Dr Howard Brody


InformaticsMD said...

We are professionals, not vocationally educated medical automatons who need every moment of work day micromanaged by 'leadership-trained' management extenders who have no idea what it means to take responsibility for patients.

Interesting how busdrivers in a union-represented transit authority I once worked for were never subject to the whims of people who had no clue public about transportation issues.

-- SS

Afraid said...

Physicians, heal thy profession!

Steve Lucas said...

Intimidation, hostile work environment, and conflicts of interest abound in medicine today:

Is medicine a profession or a commodity?

Over time the “empowered” manager has infected all types of business where never having been told “no” they feel their decision making cannot be challenged, and they deserve a gold cup just for showing up.

Consensus and the imperial “we” which translates into “I” has become the management standard, and worse of all the feeling that “if you were as good as me you would be the manager” is now all the justification needed to make poor decisions.

Steve Lucas

Anonymous said...

"physician-owned for-profit practice"

Strange phrase. Does this really mean "for-profit" in the sense that there are shareholders who are paid divdends above and beyond wages/salaries paid to the physicians in the practice, or is it a subtle dig at private practice by an academic physician?

Anonymous said...

The administraion of hospitals own physicians who are put into medical staff leadership positions and as such, run (sham) peer reviews to control the outliers (patient advocate physicians) by intimidation and threat of sanctions on staff privileges.

The Joint Commission's "Standard" of an independent medical staff governance is being subverted, and, the Joint could not care less.

Anonymous said...

Ultimately we as physicians need to organize to take back our profession otherwise it will be taken from us. 30% of GDP is a rich prize and our independence is one of the few remaining obstacles. Logically, it must be destroyed and we must be brought to heel.

I highly recommend joining Sermo, because as a physicians only social media site, it is probably the best place to organize.

In my opinion the AMA has already been compromised. The AAPS is much better, but it has an ideological reputation that makes it hard to be a 'big tent'.

-Dr Duh