Background - a New Species of Conflict of Interest
Since 2006, we have posted repeatedly about what was then a new species
of severe conflicts of interest. This occurs when leaders of
academic medical institutions or other health care non-profit
organizations or non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also serve as
members of boards of directors of for-profit corporations whose products and actions have major effects on health care.
Most recently, we discussed the
cases of the current CEO of the National Quality Forum and past CEO of
the American Board of Internal Medicine who was found to be on the board
of for-profit hospital group purchasing organization Premier Inc, and
had been on the board of its privately held but for-profit
predecessors. We then discussed
the case of the incoming president of the US Institute of Medicine and
former Chancellor of Health Affairs at Duke University who was on the
boards of Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Medtronic and Pepsico. We next discussed the case of the current Dean of medicine at the University of Illinois who is on the board of Novartis.
We also recently posted
about the first time these sorts of severe conflicts of interest issue
have been addressed in a large circulation medical journal. A
commentary in JAMA called for many such conflicts to be banned.
A Small Study of the Prevalence of a New Species of Conflict of Interest
Now JAMA has just published a research letter which examined the prevalence of board members of large, for-profit, publicly held pharmaceutical companies who also were among the leadership of academic medical centers. [Anderson TS, Dave S, Good CB et al. Academic medical center leadership on pharmaceutical company boards of directors. JAMA 2014; 311: 1353-5. Link here.]
The authors looked at public data about 2012 board membership of the 47 biggest publicly held companies based on global prescription drug sales. They tabulated those who were also leaders at (apparently only US) academic medical centers.
The most important findings were:
- 19/47 companies (40%) had at least one board member who was a leader of an academic medical center (AMC)
- 16/17 US based companies had at least one board member who was also a leader of a US AMC
- pharmaceutical company board members included 2 university presidents, 6 deans of medicine, 6 hospital or health system executives, 7 clinical department chairs or center directors
- 28 board members were also members of boards of trustees or directors of US hospitals, medical schools, or their parent universities.
We have been trying to raise awareness of this issue since 2006. Now we have some idea of the size of the problem.
Keep in mind that this study did not attempt to determine the prevalence of academic medical center leaders on boards of smaller pharmaceutical companies, privately held companies, biotechnology or device companies, or other health care and health care related companies (e.g., for-profit hospital systems, health insurance companies, for-profit contract research organizations, for-profit medical education and communication companies, large companies with major health care components, etc, etc, etc) It also did not attempt to determine the prevalence of leaders of other important health care non-profit organizations (e.g., hospitals and hospital systems, insurance companies, professional societies, patient advocacy groups, accrediting boards, etc, etc, etc) on health care or related corporate boards. It also did not address leaders of health care organizations outside of the US. So this study likely greatly underestimates the overall prevalence of and the number of people involved in what we first called a "new species of conflict of interest."
But it is a start. And publishing it in JAMA will begin to make more health care professionals, policy makers, and researchers, and more of the public at large aware of the problem.
As I said before, it is very nice to see that the issue of what we once called a new
species of conflict of interest finally has made the big time. Whether
it now gets any more traction remains to be seen. Unfortunately, since
conflicts of interest can be so profitable for the directly affected
parties, I fully expect they will continue to oppose any restrictions.
The money they have made will likely be used to deploy marketing and
public relations personnel and legal counsel to counter any attempts to
try to make this aspect of health care more honest.
As we have said again and again, the web of conflicts of interest that
is pervasive in medicine and health care is now threatening to strangle
medicine and health care. Furthermore, this web is now strong enough to have effectively transformed US health care into an oligarchy or plutocracy. Health care is effectively run by a relatively small group of people, mainly professional managers plus a few (lapsed?) health care professionals, who simultaneously run or influence multiple corporations and organizations.
For patients and the public to trust health
care professionals and health care organizations, they need to know that
these individuals and organizations are putting patients' and the
public's health ahead of private gain. Health care professionals who
care for patients, those who teach about medicine and health care,
clinical researchers, and those who make medical and health care policy
should do so free from conflicts of interest that might inhibit their
abilities to put patients and the public's health first.
Health care professionals ought to make it their highest priority to ensure that the organizations for which they work, or with which they interact also put patients' and the public's health ahead of private gain, especially the private gain of the organizations' leaders and their cronies.
ADDENDUM (3 April, 2014) - see also comments by Paul Levy on the Not Running a Hospital blog, on the 1BoringOldMan blog, and by Ed Silverman (welcome back!) on the WSJ Corporate Intelligence blog.
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