Now, in response to the police killing of George Floyd and subsequent protests, many health care leaders pledged their support for racial peace and justice. However, some of these leaders have previously supported political leaders whose actions may have contributed to the current crisis.
Recently there were two cases showing vivid contrasts between health care leaders' pronouncements and their and their organizations' recent actions.
CEOs Condemn Racism
CVS CEO Larry Merlo
Early out of the gate was Larry Merlo, CEO of CVS, who released a statement to his employees on June 1, 2020:
The turmoil we are witnessing grows out of a long and deep history in our country, and as a nation we must focus on the injustices and discrimination that continue to divide us. I remain hopeful that we can find a way to move forward in unity to solve the nation’s most pressing issues.
In our workforce and in our communities, CVS Health’s commitment to inclusion and belonging is unwavering. It is critical to those we serve and grounded in our company values. We are a diverse community here at CVS Health – all 300,000 of us – and that diversity is one of our key strengths. It shows up in how we care for one another – walking in each other’s shoes, joining forces for the greater good and respecting one another no matter what our race or ethnicity. We will continue to uphold the commitment of mutual respect in everything we do. Discrimination and intolerance have no place in our business and will not be permitted in any form.
Johnson and Johnson CEO Alex Gorsky
On June 3, 2020, CNBC reported:
Johnson and Johnson CEO Alex Gorsky said Wednesday that white men need to 'do more listening' in the wake of George Floyd’s death at the hands of Minneapolis police.
'I realize that can be difficult,' Gorsky said during an interview with CNBC’s 'Squawk Box.' 'I think there’s no way you can just move through a checklist without I think demonstrating empathy and an understanding of some of the deep-seated nature and experiences the [black] community has had and is currently experiencing.'
Gorsky announced Tuesday that J&J is committing $10 million over the next three years 'to fighting racism and injustice in America' as people across the United States and other parts of the world protest against police killings of blacks.
'As the CEO of the world’s largest health-care company, I must state unequivocally that racism in any form is unacceptable, and that black lives matter,' he said in a LinkedIn post. 'And as a white man, I also need to acknowledge the limits of my own life experience and listen to those who have faced systemic injustice since the day they were born.'
CEOs' Friendliness with and Support for President Donald Trump
President Trump's recent actions have fanned the flames of racial discord. Here are just a few examples of news about what is still an evolving story: He called for a tough, militarized response to peaceful protests after the killing of George Floyd. He tweeted "when the looting starts, the shooting starts," and called protesters "thugs" (see Washington Post, May 29, 2020.) He told governors to "dominate" the streets (see Washington Post, June 1, 2020.) His Attorney General arranged the clearance of peaceful protesters out of Lafayette Square near the White House using teargas and flash bang grenades so Trump could have a photo opportunity at a nearby church (see New York Times, June 3, 2020.) He pushed to call out 10,000 active duty US troops to quell a protest in Washington DC that was largely peaceful (see Reuters, June 7, 2020).
That seems like the opposite of "focusing on injustice and discrimination," or "fighting racism." However, in contrast with their current proclamations about racial harmony and inclusion, and against racism, these two CEOs have shown their friendliness to and support for President Donald Trump.
CVS CEO Larry Merlo
Merlo's stance on racial inclusivity and harmony, and against racism does not seem to fit with the CVS track record of quietly supporting a dark money non-profit organization whose main mission seemed to be providing political support for Trump, and was once led by people with very different views on race, as we posted in 2018.
CVS was revealed to have been contributing to a "dark money" organization called America First Policies (AFP), ostensibly a "social welfare" charity, but actually an organization devoted to promoting the Trump agenda. While CVS said its support for AFP was related to the organization's tax reform agenda, it also promoted various policies that seemed to contradict the CVS ethics and social responsibility policies. In addition, the relationship between CVS and AFP only came to light after some AFP leaders were found to have made racist and pro-Nazi proclamations. When the unsavory nature of the AFP leaders' utterances came to light, a CVS spokesperson announced the company would sever ties with AFP. However, to my knowledge, CVS never clearly explained why it was giving money to the group in the first place, and how doing so was consistent with its stated policies and goals.
CVS past support for an organization led by professed racists seems inconsistent with Mr Merlo's recent commitment to inclusion and belonging. One wonders if he will renounce his company's previous actions.
In 2018, we also noted that CVS was making substantial contributions to the US Chamber of Commerce, which despite its bland name, some asserted had become a major source of "dark money" support for politically right-wing and pro-Trump causes. In 2019, we noted that CEO Merlo, like many of his fellow health care corporate CEOs at the time, had become very partisan in his personal political giving. All the money he gave around the time of the 2018 election to organizations identified with either major political party went to the Republican party.
Now that he has proclaimed his anti-racist credentials, one wonders if Mr Merlo will renounce his previous direct and indirect support of Mr Trump and his associates?
Johnson and Johnson CEO Alex Gorsky
Again, Johnson and Johnson CEO Gorsky's stance on racial inclusivity and harmony, and against racism does not seem to fit well with the company's and Gorsky's track record of coziness with Trump.
In 2017, after a rally by white nationalists in Charlotte, Virginia lead to conflicts between them and counter-protesters. Many of the latter were injured, and one was killed, Trump initially refused to take any stand against the rally, and suggested that both sides were equally responsible. After that, some corporate leaders broke with Trump, but at first not Gorsky. As the outrage about Charlottesville grew, Gorsky dropped his membership in Trump's Manufacturing Council, but one year later, but then returned to Trump's in-group, as reported by CNBC:
The manufacturing council was also disbanded in August of 2017, following a wave of public resignations from its CEO members in the wake of Charlottesville.
One of these came from Alex Gorsky, who leads Johnson and Johnson. Gorsky called Trump’s response to the rally 'unacceptable,' and said in a statement that it 'has changed our decision to participate in the White House Manufacturing Advisory Council.' Nonetheless, Gorsky is on the guest list Tuesday for dinner at [Trump's] Bedminster [golf club]. A spokesman for the company did not respond to a request for comment.
In February, 2020, Vanity Fair reported that the meeting that included Trump and Gorsky at Bedminster resulted in some very suspicious activity. Trump seemed to assume the role of salesman for a drug Johnson and Johnson just put on the market:
On March 5 , Trump signed a little-noticed order to create “a national roadmap to empower 'veterans and end suicide.' That was the same day, it turned out, that the Food and Drug Administration approved the sale of Spravato, an antidepression drug manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, a J and J subsidiary.
Trump continued to be a booster of Spravato, which analysts have estimated could earn some $600 million for J and J by 2022. At a June 12 White House meeting convened to discuss the opioid crisis in America, Trump urged Robert Wilkie, who replaced Shulkin as the secretary of veterans affairs, to essentially back the truck up for Spravato at the V.A. because, Trump said, it would result in an “incredible” drop in suicide among veterans. He even offered to negotiate the price of the drug with J&J. 'I think they’ll be very generous with you,' Trump told Wilkie. 'And if you like, I’ll help you to negotiate.'
The next year,
But Trump, being Trump, was not done trumpeting the drug. In August 2019, at an AMVETS conference in Louisville, Kentucky, he repeated his view that Spravato was 'incredible' and said he’d ordered the Department of Veterans Affairs to 'get as much of it as you can from Johnson and Johnson.'
The Trump promotion of the Johnson and Johnson drug is now under investigation. 'the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs has demanded documents and information from the V.A.
Finally, the Vanity Fair included a reminder that Trump has not only been cozy with Gorsky, but a member of the family that founded Johnson and Johnson who also may be one of the company's bigger investors:
Trump’s ambassador to the U.K., Woody Johnson, is the great-grandson of one of the founders of J and J and, reportedly, continues to own more than 1.5 million shares in the company, worth around $217 million. His net worth is said to be around $4 billion. He donated $1 million to Trump’s inaugural committee.
So it appeared that the CEO of Johnson and Johnson, and a big shareholder in the company who is descended from its founder went out of their way to cozy up to Trump, who appears to have reciprocated by doing some marketing for its drug, and possibly improperly using his executive powers to increase its use.
Furthermore, in 2018 we noted that Johnson and Johnson, like CVS, was making substantial contributions to the US Chamber of Commerce, which despite its bland name, some asserted had become a major source of "dark money" support for politically right-wing and pro-Trump causes.
Now that Gorsky is so devoted to "fighting racism and injustice," given all that Trump has done to fan the flames of racial conflict after the death of George Floyd, one wonders if Gorsky will denounce his previous coziness with Trump?
After the killing of George Floyd, the CEOs of two large health care corporations publicly espoused racial harmony and inclusion and condemned racism. Both these CEOs had become very friendly with President Trump, and appeared very comfortable with his policies, despite the history of non-partisanship among leadership of the health care field.
Trump, however has sought to amplify racial conflict since protests began in response to the death of Mr Floyd. Will these CEOs now renounce their previous coziness with and support of President Trump?
There are bigger questions. Will there now be more attention to how health care corporations have preached social responsibility, and lately racial harmony while they were quietly pushing their own agendas, which often undermined these worthy goals? Will health care organizations disclose their ties to political leaders, including contributions to "dark money" groups? Will there be new calls for accountability for those who lead the most powerful organizations in health care? Will there be investigations into this or other forms of regulatory capture? Will there be penalties for resulting conflicts of interest? Or will the leaders once again manage to make even discussions of their failings taboo?